News UpdatesMedia Could Be Proactive But Has To Be Sensitive, Sensationalism Is Anathema To Responsible Journalism: Calcutta High Court Sparsh Upadhyay28 April 2021 12:35 AMShare This – xImage Courtesy: National HeraldDealing with a plea seeking strict enforcement of Section126(1)(b) of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, the Calcutta High Court on Tuesday (April 27) remarked, “Sensationalism is anathema to responsible and responsive journalism.” The Bench of Chief Justice Thottathil B Radhakrishnan and Justice Arijit Banerjee further remarked, “Print and audio-visual media could be proactive but has to be sensitive. This is what is meant in the truest sense by the oft mentioned term fourth estate.” Importantly, Section 126(1)(b) of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 reads thus: “126(1)(b). No person shall display to the public any election matter by means of cinematograph television or other similar apparatus in any polling area during the period of forty-eight hours ending with the hour fixed for the conclusion of the poll for any election in that polling area.” The petitioner submitted his apprehension that media houses and publishing houses could violate the provision of Section 126(1)(b) of the R. P. Act, 1951. In response to this, Counsel representing the Election Commission of India submitted that since the last phase of the election was scheduled to be held on 29th April 2021, canvassing and rallying had been stopped by the Election Commission of India. Hence, it was argued that the petitioner had no reason to apprehend that there would be any breach of the provision of law. Consequently, the Court directed that the authorities to strictly enforce the aforesaid provision of law. “We are sure that if there is violation of that provision, it is for the competent authorities concerned to ensure that strict obedience to that provision of law is obtained,” the Court added. The matter has now been posted for further hearing on May 3.Click Here To Download OrderRead OrderTagsElection Commission West Bengal Polls West Bengal State Assembly Elections 2021 #Calcutta High Court Media Reporting Responsible Journalism Chief Justice Thottathil B Radhakrishnan Justice Arijit Banerjee Section126(1)(b) of the Representation of the People Act Representation of People Act 1951 Next Story
A protest was held on Saturday continuing the fight against animal research procedures such as vivisection at Oxford. On Saturday the group reconvened once again holding loudspeakers and signs with images of animals and sayings such as ‘Vivisection is morally wrong’ outside the Vere Harmsworth Library where six security guards were posted. The group of 30 – 40 people marched down South Parks Road shouting in protest. In response to the protest security shut down the library, locking in those inside, opening it only later in the day. Eventually the protesters moved towards city centre, chanting and handing out flyers.One of the protesters, Laura, commented, “we have so much proof that the vivisection performed is not necessary and cruel and only money is what is keeping it going.“We don’t want to end scientific testing, we just want a different method to be used.”The University of Oxford commented that they are one of the world’s leading centresfor biomedical research, including projects on cancer, heart disease and HIV, amongst others.The university states that its policy ‘”is to minimize the use of animals in research. Animals are only used for a specific and crucial element of research that cannot be conducted in any alternative way.”They added that “most medical research is carried out using either Invitro Techniques or the study of human beings”.The university pointed out however that the specific research done with the usage of vivisection is a very small percentage of the overall work that is performed.Although much attention has been paid to the new Biomedical Science building since its construction, it was constructed to rehouse the animals used in research. The older facilities, which were in the process of being closed, had met strict Home Office regulations for animal care but the university “wished to exceed regulations and set a gold standard for animal care.”Although primates are used within the research, they make up 0.5% of the animals housed in the building, which when fully populated can house 16,000 animals. More than 98% of the animals are mice. The University commented that, “primates are only used where no other species can deliver the research answer.”Many organizations such as Voice for the Animals (SPEAK) state that ‘chances of human benefit arising from such animal studies is exceedingly remote. “The scientific evidence does not support the translation of fundamental research using animals into useful treatment for people.”Animal rights activist and Oxford alumnus Sir David Madden told Cherwell,“The 1986 vivisection act came into law 25 years ago. It looked to and promoted the reduction and finally the ending of experiments on animals.“The practice of vivisection is an urgent moral problem which should have prominence and open discussion. The Three Rs (reduction, refinement and replacement) were launched more that 50 years ago as a recommended way forward on animal testing. Surely it is time to take that road, and explore and implement the alternatives which exist.”The University told Cherwell that “Oxford’s medical research is world-leading and undergoes many levels of scrutiny – by scientific experts – to ensure that it is rigorous and effective. Claims by SPEAK are simply at odds with what the overwhelming majority of scientists agree on. Without fundamental science – the understanding of the human body and how it works – there would be no applied medical science.”
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Fifteen of these candidates won eitheras mayors or members of the Sangguniang Bayan in Iloilo and Capiz, said Batara. ILOILO City – Thirty-two elected localofficials in Western Visayas enjoyed the support of the New People’s Army (NPA)in the May midterm elections, according to the Police Regional Office 6(PRO-6). Are these officials now paying the rebels back with support, too? During elections, NPA rebels are knownto impose “permit to campaign fees” on candidates intending to enterrebel-influenced areas. Malong acknowledged it would bedifficult to prove that these local officials are now paying the insurgentsback with monetary or logistical support unless witnesses surface. Of these 32 officials, 11 were electedmayor and six were elected vice mayor, she added. In the months leading to the Maypolls, certain candidates were “consistently monitored to be giving support tothe NPA, including some candidates who gave in on the rebels’ ‘permit to win’and ‘permit to campaign’ (fees),” Batara said. The rebels campaigned for them, saidPRO-6 spokesperson Police Lieutenant Joem Malong, citing intelligence reports. Furthermore, Batara said, localgovernment units (LGUs), particularly the local chief executives, shouldspearhead efforts to end the insurgency problem. “We are monitoring them,” she said. The same law further criminalizes thefinancing of terrorism. In particular, it freezes and forfeits the property orfunds of those designated terrorists or terrorist organizations. This is donein order to prevent and suppress terrorist activities. “If we have gathered enough concreteevidence, appropriate charges would be filed against them,” including forterrorism, Batara said. Under Republic Act (RA) 10168,terrorism is considered inimical and dangerous to the country’s nationalsecurity. Terrorism is, thus, condemned, including those who support andfinance acts of terrorism. The figures of the PRO-6 were not farfrom those of the Philippine Army. In Iloilo province, the rebelssupported five mayors, two vice mayors and nine municipal councilors while inCapiz, they campaigned for four mayors, two vice mayors and three towncouncilors, said Malong. The 61st Infantry Battalion (61IB)monitored 37 candidates who financially supported the NPA, according toLieutenant Colonel Joel Benedict Batara, battalion commander. In Negros Occidental, two electedmayors, two vice mayors, two municipal councilors, and a provincial boardmember enjoyed the backing of the NPA, said Malong. “We are warning these local officialsto stop supporting rebels,” said Malong. “We need physical evidence to pin themdown,” said Malong. Local officials proven to besupportive of rebels face criminal and administrative charges. “We have identified them,” accordingto the PRO-6 spokesperson but she declined to name them. Under Section 4 of RA 10168, personsfound guilty of terrorist financing “shall suffer the penalty of reclusiontemporal in its maximum period to reclusion perpetua”and be made to pay a fine of not less than P500,000 nor more than P1 million. The United States and European Unionhave labeled the NPA and its political body, the Communist Party of thePhilippines, as an international terror organization. (With areport from the Philippine News Agency/PN)
Liverpool manager Brendan Rodgers insists he has not lost faith in goalkeeper Simon Mignolet despite dropping the Belgium international. The 26-year-old was told to expect an “indefinite” period on the sidelines after being left out of the team to face Manchester United on December 14 following much criticism of his form this season. While Rodgers has not told the Belgian when he can expect a recall, he expects him to return a better goalkeeper when he does, having spent plenty of time analysing his performances. “Simon’s response has been fantastic,” said Rodgers, who admitted he had to take Mignolet out of the spotlight to allow him a cooling off period to reassess his game. “People would think coming out of the team would have a negative effect but he has been outstanding and his training has been good and we’re analysing where he can improve. “That time coming out of the team sometimes gives you that reflective period that you don’t have when you’re in the thick of it and it can benefit you. “I’ve seen a real positive reaction from him. John (Achterberg), who’s our excellent goalkeeping coach, and myself sit down with him, study his game and look at the areas we feel the improvements can be made. “Hopefully when he returns he’ll have gained from that time out and becomes a better keeper for it. “We’ve seen it in the past with other keepers at other clubs – sometimes that little period out can really help. I’m confident that’ll be the case with Simon. “I haven’t lost any belief in him – he’s still an outstanding goalkeeper. “I’m sure when the time comes for him to come back in, he’ll be a better goalkeeper for it.” Rodgers, however, has made no decision on when that day will come. “I’ll make my mind up on that at the right time,” Rodgers added. “At this moment in time, Simon is just working hard to get back into the team. “It gives him the chance to reflect and also allow him to refocus on his game. Players need that at times.” Brad Jones has stood in for the last three matches and although he has conceded six goals already his appearance has coincided with an upturn in performances after Rodgers switched to a 3-4-3 formation. The Australian’s distribution is superior to Mignolet’s and while his all-round game may not be any better his manager has been pleased with his contribution. Jones is out of contract in the summer and spoke this week about wanting to earn a new deal, but Rodgers just wants him to concentrate on his matches, with Burnley next up on Boxing Day. “Over his career here he has been number three, number two goalkeeper and when called upon has come in and done very well,” said the Reds boss. “He is a very loyal goalkeeper, he is an important member of our squad. “He has done well in the games that he has played in. He is consistent right the way through. “The reality is footballers play football for the game and he is a wonderful professional. “He didn’t play a lot last season but he still does his work with maximum intensity every day. “They are a close-knit group, the goalkeepers, and they have worked and supported each other.” Press Association
Wellington Police notes for Wednesday, February 10, 2016â€¢3:00 a.m.Â Officers took a report of found cell phone and gray jacket in the 700 block E. 16th, Wellington.â€¢4 a.m. Officers took a report of suspicious activity in the Wellington.â€¢8:41 a.m. Officers investigated a theft of fuel in the 500 block S. U.S. 81 Highway, Wellington.â€¢9:40 a.m. Martha J. Walls, 63, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for speeding 57 mph in a 40 mph zone.â€¢2:57 p.m. Officers conducted a courtesy motor vehicle accident report in the 200 block W. 15th, Wellington involving vehicles operated by Raymond H. Schalk, 95, Wellington and Chelsea D. Harbert, 20, Harper.â€¢6:54 p.m. Officers investigated a domestic battery by known suspect(s) in the 100 block E. 21st.â€¢5:58 p.m. Christine R. Venn, 42, Wellington was issued a notice to appear for illegal registration.â€¢8:43 p.m. Officers took a report of suspicious activity in the 800 block E. Lincoln, Wellington.
Pembroke Pines Police officers are currently investigating the death of a man who was found deceased inside of a home Sunday.Officials say they were called to a home in the area of Southwest 100th Avenue and Sixth Court around 9:30 pm and when they arrived, they found a man dead inside the home.Not much is known about the incident at this time, but authorities are continuing to investigate.If you have any information about this incident, you are asked to contact Broward County Crime Stoppers at 954-493-TIPS.
To support the staff for the time being, Salt Creek Grille representatives organized a GoFundMe page for hourly staff members. It has raised over $10,000 to date, which Bidgood said is a credit to his staff. This article originally appeared in the April 23rd, 2020 print edition of The Two River Times. Now, millions of Americans are jobless during this scary and uncertain time. Companies all over the country are taking huge financial hits and are facing layoffs in the wake of the pandemic. Unemployment rates have far surpassed the rates surrounding the Great Recession. Some local employers are also finding ways to support their staff members who have been laid off. That includes Salt Creek Grille co-owner Steve Bidgood. He shared that it was not easy laying off employees of the Rumson-based establishment; some of them have worked there since its opening over 20 years ago. In the meantime, she has been writing cards and making special videos for members of those facilities, wishing them well and letting them know she is thinking of them. The response has been very positive, and she’s looking to take it a step further. DaPrato plans to reach out to the facilities she performs at to see if they would be interested in having her perform while practicing social distancing. That could mean performing on the outside of a building for 15 minutes on each side, allowing residents to open up their windows and hear her perform. “It’s kind of difficult because they’re my second family. It’s tough. I didn’t think it was going to last this long. I didn’t think it was going to be as bad as it is,” said Bidgood, who has been with Salt Creek Grille since 1996. The restaurant industry is a hard industry as it is. And when businesses get “kicked in the legs” financially as they have been from COVID-19, reopening may not be a possibility for some, he said. It will be costly to reinvest and open in good shape. Tourism is down and traveling is down, which is also not good for business. And should there be a second wave of the virus, it will be a nail in the coffin for others. Just over 45 days ago, the U.S. economy was booming with high wage growth and record low unemployment rates. That quickly changed with the rapid spread of COVID-19. Additionally, the non-profit has handed out about 200-to 300-plus grab-and-go meals six days a week since March 16. According to McCarthy, a monthly comparison of March 2020 to March 2019 shows demand has increased about 31 percent. And about 30 to 100-plus people each day receive groceries from the organization six days a week. “I would definitely bewilling to do that and noteven charge for this,” shesaid. “I really miss it. I missthe people.” DaPrato will also be taking this downtime for projects she has been meaning to start but has pushed off recording a “Christmas with Cathy D” CD, as well as working on some new material for her shows. According to Assemblyman Gerry Scharfenberger (R-13), who represents several towns in the Two River area, he and his office have spoken to an overwhelming number of callers complaining of backlogged unemployment claims far more calls than after SuperStorm Sandy in 2012, he told The Two River Times. He credited the issue to personnel shortages and outdated computer systems at the NJDOL. Middletown resident Cathy DaPrato is one of those self-employed workers. As a musician and the owner of Cathy D Entertainment, DaPrato finds herself “help-less” as she is unable to perform at her typical venues. DaPrato is a regular at nursing homes, assisted living facilities and adult daycare centers across New Jersey. Before the virus struck, she was scheduled to perform about 160 gigs this year. “I have people who come and celebrate every holiday with us,” he said, adding that some customers emailed him to say they were “devastated” about not being able to spend their Easter at the restaurant for the first time in 21 years. However, Burke plans to bring everyone back on as normal, whenever the businesses are allowed to reopen. He will need all who were laid off as well as summer staff. But some businesses won’t be as fortunate, he believes. He also said he is waiting for the CARE Act to kick in, which will allow his staff to be paid, including their tips. The staff was also encouraged to file for unemployment if they wanted to so that they could have some kind of cash flow coming in, Bidgood added. According to Scharfenberger, state staff members of various departments are being transitioned and reassigned, for the time being, to the NJDOL to free up some of the backlogging. He also noted that the department is operating on the decades-old COBOL computer programming language, which he called “archaic.” COURTESY LUNCH BREAK / FACEBOOK Lunch Break volunteers Jennifer Anderson and board president John Klein recently delivered food to homebound clients. Representatives of the nonprofit are reporting significantly higher demands from community members compared to last year. “Some come to our facility, are students of the Red Bank Charter School and others such as the homebound and residents of the Pan American motel in Eatontown, receive deliveries. We have increased the number of times we deliver,” said McCarthy. “I just love it and I feel sohelpless right now because Ifeel like I can’t do anythingto help these people,” saidDaPrato. In New Jersey alone, there have been hundreds of thousands of unemployment claims each week since March 1. In the most recent data released from the New Jersey Department of Labor (NJDOL), there were 141,420 claims made during the week of April 5 to 11. During the week prior, from March 29 to April 4, there were 214,836 claims. Lunch Break, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that provides basic necessities to people in need, has also seen “many” new people since the COVID-19 pandemic started, said Ellen McCarthy, communications and public relations coordinator. Last week alone, the organization gave 77 new people groceries in one day, she said, and new grocery clients are up 50 percent since March, compared to last year. “When something like this happens, systems like that are so easily over whelmed,” said Scharfenberger. On April 20, the assemblyman wrote to New Jersey State Treasurer Elizabeth Maher Muoio, asking that she withhold his salary “until every one of my constituents’ state unemployment claims has been fulfilled.” Currently, members of the state Senate and General Assembly receive an annual base salary of $49,000. “We were off to a great start this year. We were really rolling,” said Burke, between Drifthouse and its adjoining Nauti Bar. But now, the bar is closed and Drifthouse is offering curbside pick-up and delivery only. The financial strain called for the layoffs of most employees. She also estimated that about 85 percent of the SB-DC’s calls recently have been small business owners wondering what they should do to help their employees at this time. Typically, the SBDC focuses on helping businesses employ people. This is “the first time ever” they are helping businesses guide their employees to unemployment, she said. The restaurateur decided not to offer curbside pickup or delivery to area customers, as many other businesses have in the Two River area. He cited a concern for his staff’s safety and well-being as one of the deciding factors to close, as well as the costliness of cooking with mesquite wood, which the restaurant uses. According to Jackeline Mejias-Fuertes, regional director of the Monmouth/Ocean Small Business Development Center (SBDC) at Brookdale Community College, there is a high percentage of self-employed individuals and freelancers who will not be eligible for unemployment from the state. Because of that, for the first time ever, they have been guiding those individuals on how to apply for pandemic unemployment. “With those orders, we can put a few more people back to work,” he said. “It’s a little something and it’s working out nicely.” Similarly, most staff members of Drifthouse by David Burke have been laid off; there are currently only two or three people still working, Burke shared with The Two River Times. Normally, there would be about 35 employees in the off-season and about 60 during the summer months. To support his staff members for the time being, Burke has kickstarted a “Feed the Heroes” campaign, where he takes donation money and buys food with it to be prepared and delivered to local heroes. In doing so, he is also putting his employees back to work. Last week, he was able to make a sizeable food donation to Hackensack Meridian Health Riverview Medical Center, he said. By Allison Perrine
Nceba Ndzwayiba and Ramasela Mokonyama collected the Diversity Award on behalf of Netcare Limited. (Images: topco.co.za) • Edna Hamilton Events Manager Top Media and Communications +27 86 000 9590 [email protected] • Maverick Awards to recognise under-35 business genius • Ugandan entrepreneur looks after women and girls • South Africa shines at 2010 SEED Awards • Entrepreneur builds internet empire • The DTI spotlights small tech businessesStaff writerThe Oliver Transformation and Empowerment Awards announced its 2014 winners at a black-tie event at Emperors Palace on 25 April. Attended by South Africa’s private and public sector who’s who, and three Rivonia Trialists: Andrew Mlangeni, Denis Goldberg and Ahmed Kathrada, the 13th annual Oliver Empowerment Awards honoured “organisations and individuals powering transformation in South Africa” and this year, celebrated 20 years of democracy. The awards recognise “companies and individuals excelling in job creation, entrepreneurship and enterprise development in the public and private sectors”.The event also celebrated the launch of South Africa 20 Years of Success: Business & Government, a commemorative book produced by Topco Media with the support of the Department of Arts and Culture. Topco Media organised the awards.Oliver Empowerment Awards winnersLeading the individual award category was Future Black Leader Simphiwe Xulu. Judges praised the Mhlathuze Water operations manager for her “value-centric leadership style”, which they said “consistently delivers business results through empowering people”.Top Black Male Leader of the Year was Sizwe Nxasana, FirstRand Group CEO, with the Top Black Female Leader of the Year award going to Boniswa Corporate Solutions CEO Lynette Magasa.In the organisational category, Eskom Holdings emerged as a multiple award winner, taking the Socio-Economic Development Award as well as the Enterprise & Supplier Development Award, in recognition of its “investment in the economic sustainability of emerging business partners”.Volkswagen was honoured with the Skills Development Award for its highly integrated development programmes that judges said “place continuous learning at the heart of the organisation”.Celebrating 20 years of democracyThe event also paid tribute to the anti-apartheid activists who attended the event, awarding Lifetime Achievement awards to Mlangeni, Goldberg and Kathrada, who, along with Nelson Mandela, faced charges of, among others, sabotage and treason, in the 1963 to 1964 Rivonia Trial.“Fifty years ago, these men stood on trial for equality, becoming one of the main links in our history that brought democracy and equal opportunities to South Africa. We wanted to recognise that, and their contribution towards SA business,” said Ralf Fletcher, CEO at Topco Media.“The culmination of these was a reflection of the opportunities that are today available to all South Africans, but were not always possible in the past.“We are celebrating 20 years of democracy this year, but it’s also 20 years of success in black business. These winners made a mammoth contribution to that. But transformation is a journey; it doesn’t stop, and it’s something that can always be improved,” said Fletcher.Honours were also awarded to leaders in the health, education and rural development sectors.Empowering leadership and innovationThe Oliver Empowerment Awards are South Africa’s “premier awards for leadership and innovation in empowerment and transformation”.According to Fletcher the awards have created a legacy of inspiration for the country’s business elite. The awards aim to identify organisations and business leaders “creating a culture of entrepreneurship, developing best practices and carving out powerful and sustainable models of business for empowerment and transformation within South African business”.Fletcher said, “The individuals here, tonight, are the driving force of South Africa’s successes. We are all here to do business together. South Africa’s business and government leaders have been instrumental in moulding the country into what it is today; a shining example to the world.”Miller Matola, CEO at Brand South Africa, said, “Leaders are forged by circumstances and each of us has to play our part. We need to build a brand nation.” He added that South Africans must build the country’s reputation and rise above difficult circumstances. Philile Dlamini and Bilquees Mahmood accepted the Socio-Economic Development Award on behalf of Eskom Holdings.What makes an Oliver Empowerment Award Winner?Nominees had to demonstrate an average annual revenue of more than R35-million, hold a valid, South African National Accreditation System-approved Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (B-BBEE) certificate and prove the successful implementation of effective B-BBEE policies and measurement mechanisms.The criteria provided a comprehensive look at the level of empowerment amongst these companies, a requirement that sets the awards apart, said Fletcher.“By unpacking what they are doing and why they are doing it, the focus on how nominees demonstrate the effect of their empowerment programme is what really differentiates us from other awards,” he said.The Oliver Empowerment Awards winnersAccording to Fletcher, “The quality of applications this year was remarkable. We had some big multinationals up against some of our South African JSE [Johannesburg Stock Exchange] companies, so those being nominated were really our head and shoulders in business.“The winners represented a pool of local and multinational entrants who demonstrated the highest calibre of SA businesses.”The results, which recognised 20 companies and individuals, were audited by black-owned auditing firm SekelaXabiso, which also sponsored the Enterprise & Supplier Development Award.The judges, selected based on their “contribution to a culture of entrepreneurship, best practices and sustainable models of business transformation”, included Matola, Microsoft South Africa CEO Mteto Nyati, Government Communications Information Services Chief Director Donald Liphoko, South African Bureau of Standards CEO Bonakele Mehlomakulu, and Gauteng Growth Development Agency CEO Siphiwe Ngwenya.Get the full winners’ list here.
Pat Beurskens has been happy with his heat-pump water heater, but he fears the time is coming when it won’t be able to keep up with demand. He foresees the day when his young daughter will be using more hot water, and Beurskens is finishing out the basement of his Seattle home to be used as a rental. That, too, will increase hot water use. Against this backdrop, Beurskens’s GE Geospring, a model that has been discontinued, is showing signs of fatigue. “Lately,” he writes in a post at the Q&A forum, “the water heater has been maxing out after two showers. I’ll be retrofitting a 1.5 [gallon per minute] adapter, which will help, but I’m still nervous about having a tenant and running out of hot water.”RELATED ARTICLESBradford White Buys GeoSpring Rights and EquipmentDrainwater Heat Recovery Can Lower Your HERS ScoreAll About Water HeatersGet Ready for Heat-Pump Water HeatersDrainwater Heat Recovery Comes of Age In order to squeeze more capacity out of his system, Beurskens is considering a solar water heater and an electric tankless water heater. He’d prefer using the heat-pump water heater most of the time because of its high efficiency. He doesn’t want to replace it with a larger model because of the expense and because he’s not eligible for another rebate. He asks, “My main question is: Would it work to put the tankless electric heater in a series in front of the heat pump tank so that the tankless kicks on only when the tank starts dropping in temp?” That’s the question for this Q&A Spotlight. Avoid electric tankless heaters The best option would be to avoid an electric tankless water heater altogether, argues Dana Dorsett. “An electric tankless isn’t as sensitive to incoming water temps as fossil burners,” he writes, “but they are really abusive to the grid infrastructure, and one of the least green options there is.” Dorsett explains it this way: Assuming the incoming water is 52°F, filling a tub with 110°F water at a a rate of 4 gallons per minute, would take 28,000 watts of electricity — a ginormous load, six times that of a standard electric water heater. That’s enough power, he adds, “to make the wires jump and the transformer serving your house heat up.” Even though the load is intermittent, and overall doesn’t add up to a lot of energy use, the grid infrastructure capable of delivering that amount of power has to be built and maintained. So, for those few minutes a week that the water heater might actually be needed, the fixed portion of everyone’s power bill goes up. Walter Ahlgrim adds that adding an electric tankless water heater as a retrofit in an existing house is “almost never a viable option.” The reason is that any unit that’s large enough to serve the whole house will draw more electricity than the existing panel can provide. “When you add the tankless water heater to the new electrical panel, with new meter base and heaver wires all the way to the pole, the number is more than most people will go for,” he says. Norman Bunn writes that he once had a tankless electric that required an additional 120 amps to operate. “Going this route may require you to not just upgrade the panel but get a larger feed from the pole,” he says. “That can be pricey.” Try a second standard water heater instead A better plan would be to install a second standard (tank-style) electric water heater in series with the heat-pump model, Dorsett suggests. The system would be designed so that the output of the heat-pump unit would feed the cold water inlet of the standard tank. Although the system would still suffer the standby losses common to all tank-style heaters, the auxiliary heater won’t be using much electricity until both tanks are nearly depleted. Consider drain-water heat recovery An even more attractive option would be install a drainwater heat recovery system — the “tallest and fattest” that will fit in the available space. These passive heat exchangers take the place of a section of standard drain line on a shower. Hot water going down the drain heats up incoming cold water, saving energy in the drainwater that is normally wasted. A 4-inch-diameter by 48-inch-long heat exchanger can save more than 50% of the heat that’s exiting the drain, Dorsett says. If the drainwater is 105°F, the 52°F incoming water is instantly heated to between 75°F and 80°F, depending on how quickly the water is moving. “That has two effects,” Dorsett says. “Less hot water is needed to mix with ~78°F water to get 105°F at the shower head, so less hot water is being drawn, and the water entering the water heater only has to be raised 27 F° rather than 53 F° by the water heater, which means a slower depletion time and a shorter recovery time.” That has the effect of increasing the effective capacity of the heat-pump water heater from 50 gallons to somewhere between 65 gallons and 75 gallons when someone is showering. (It won’t help when someone is drawing a tub.) Keep the new system simple Beurskens has heard enough to drop plans for an electric tankless and opt instead for a second tank-style heater, possibly with a recirculation pump. You don’t need a pump, GBA editor Martin Holladay tells him. Just install the new water heater downstream from the existing heat-pump water heater (HPWH) and set the new water heater’s aquastat 10 F° lower than the aquastat on the main water heater. A recirculation system would only increase the standby loss for a very small improvement in capacity, Dorsett adds. “Insulate all of the hot water distribution plumbing with R-3 foamy pipe insulation, including the 10 feet of cold feed nearest the HPWH, and the nearest 10 feet of temperature and pressure overflow plumbing,” Dorsett says. What about a new mixing valve? Beurskens suggests one other option. “Speaking of simplicity, and assuming the new hot water needs can be limited with flow restriction,” he says, “what are your thoughts on a Tank Booster mixing valve? Basically turning up the thermostat on the HPWH to increase load capacity. This would negate the need for any new tank.” A mixing valve could be used for those times when extra hot water will be needed, Bunn replies, but it wouldn’t be a good idea when the heat-pump water heater was capable of meeting the demand because that would mean more power consumption. Thermostatic mixing or tempering valves between water heaters and sinks and tubs are required by code in most locations, Dorsett says, although some pre-plumbed units can reduce flow significantly. “Turning up the storage temperature to 150°F or higher, and then mixing it down to 115°F with a thermostatic mixing valve can provide greater apparent capacity,” he says. “The down side to that is that a substantially higher storage temperature increases standby losses (not by more than adding a second tank, though), and lowers the heat pump’s raw efficiency.” The bottom line, Dorsett says, is that turning up the thermostat on the existing HPWH and using a mixing valve will be cheaper in terms of total energy consumption than adding a second tank. That’s because standby losses will be lower, and because the HPWH is more efficient than a standard electric tank even when set a higher temperature. Our expert’s opinion Here’s what GBA Technical Director Peter Yost has to add: Pat Beurskens has clearly done a lot of work and research to get the best domestic hot water he can configure for his situation. Here are some additional thoughts, particularly an extended one on drain water heat recovery. When a heat-pump water heater is in the basement, particularly in low-load homes, keep an eye on the temperature and relative humidity in your basement during the winter. The HPWH is removing BTUs from your basement air to heat water. Beurskens has a clever setup for his recirculating pump such that he decides when it runs. He has has set it up to manage energy and water efficiency for his most problematic draw, the most-used bath sink that shares a line with the shower. I sometimes worry that we are repeating the low-flow toilet debacle with showerheads. That is, reducing flow without making sure that performance is maintained. EPA WaterSense has added performance tests to its shower head spec (see EPA WaterSense Specifications Appendix A and B). But I still hear from plenty of consumers who feel that WaterSense-approved showerheads are not delivering enough water. In my own home, I resorted to purchasing a series of low-flow showerheads until my teenage daughter finally signed off. Long, thick hair seems to be the issue. It baffles me that given the difference in temperature between the tank water temperature and the air surrounding any tank water heater (let’s assume a 120°F tank temperature and 65°F air temperature in the basement — meaning a delta-T of 55 F°), that we don’t better insulate these tanks. See this ACEEE report indicating that an external insulation blanket can save approximately 28%. More on drain water heat recovery Mechanical engineer Dan Cautley, my close friend and colleague at SeventhWave in Madison, Wisconsin, who was my mentor in my first year at the NAHB Research Center in 1993, has done at least two research projects over the years on drainwater heat recovery, and he gave me this extended perspective on the topic: “A vertical pipe drain water heat recovery unit is a remarkably simple way to capture waste heat, and the ‘effectiveness’ (effectiveness is the fraction of available energy that’s captured through a heat exchanger) can be surprisingly high (50% and higher). But this doesn’t mean it’s necessarily cost-effective. “Horizontal pipe (sloped to drain) drain water heat recovery units may work fine, but are outside my experience. “Overall system heat recovery effectiveness will always be lower than rated heat exchanger effectiveness, mostly due to heat loss from the drain upstream of the heat exchanger. In my detailed study of three units in commercial buildings, measured overall system heat recovery effectiveness was generally 5 to 10 percentage points lower than the nominal effectiveness rating of the heat exchanger. Effectiveness also depends on flow rate – an issue that is probably beyond the scope of a short blog. “Dynamics (thermal mass) play a role. In general, thermal mass will reduce performance — think of taking a shower using 12 gallons of water, where it takes 3 gallons of flow to heat up the drain line and heat exchanger before reaching steady-state performance. (I found that it took about 6 gallons of flow to reach steady state in one system, and that wasn’t an extreme case.) This effect generally works against you – you don’t get full heat recovery instantly when the shower starts, plus you leave warm water in the heat exchanger when the shower ends, which is likely to cool back to room temperature. (And any cold water flowing down the drain will take this heat with it.) Thus the best application of a drain water heat recovery unit is where there are long episodes of hot water usage with simultaneous drain flow – a bank of showers in a fitness center would be ideal, while a residential shower is less so. “But that’s not the whole story. Dynamics can work to help heat recovery where there are short flows of warm drain water and cold supply water offset in time. We found surprisingly good performance in a restaurant in which a dishwasher filled, ran, and then drained, with little simultaneous flow of supply water and drain water. The thermal mass of the heat exchanger absorbed enough heat when the dishwasher drained to significantly heat the supply water passing through it a few minutes later. The water use in each dishwasher cycle was low — a gallon or so — which was an important factor. “Based on a 36-home study I did at the NAHB Research Center in the 1990s, my estimate of typical overall water heating energy savings in a residence is around 20%, but this will of course vary greatly with the specifics. “All this said, a drain water heat recovery unit will certainly increase the effective capacity of any storage tank water heater, i.e. allow longer showers, for the reasons that Dorsett mentions. The Dorsett claim does seem somewhat optimistic in terms of the size of this effect. “The bottom line: I love this simple, elegant technology, but it’s going to be really attractive only in limited applications. Here is a link to my report from the three-site study of commercial applications that I did 5 years ago. Take a look at page 34 of the report (page 38 of the PDF) for a list of criteria for selecting good applications. It’s written for commercial use, but the principles apply to residential use.”